Background and aims The antiphospholipid syndrome (SAPL) is an autoimmune and thrombogenic pathology that the diagnosis is based on clinical and biological criteria. It can be isolated (primary SAPL) or associated with another auto-immune disease (secondary SAPL). The purpose of this work is to finalise the epidemiological, clinical, biological, characteristic.
Methods We led a retrospective and descriptive study of the patients followed in the service of internal medicine for SAPL between January 1990 and April 2014.
Results We brought together 62 cases ( 61 women and 1 man). The average age was 41 years.The peripheral thromboses were observed in 51.6%. The obstetric accidents were found at 26 patients dominated by repeated abortion (35.5%) and fetal death in uterus (16.1%). The cardiac infringement was dominated by valvular disease in 9.6%. The lung demonstrations were represented by a pulmonary embolism in 32.25% and a lung arterial high blood pressure in 19.3%. The neurological infringement was present in 29%. The SAPL was primary in 32% and secondary in 86%. The CAPS was found in 2 cases. The SLE was present in 59.7%. The immunological balance sheet revealed aCL in 77.4%, anti-ß 2GPI in 24.2% and anti-PT in 17.7%. a statistically significant correlation between the obstetric and vascular sign with the presence of aCL.
Conclusions The SAPL is an entity among which the knowledge and the understanding are in permanent evolution. It is necessary to think of it in front of any vascular reccurent thrombosis to a young subject.
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