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Inducible T-cell co-stimulator ligand (ICOSL) blockade leads to selective inhibition of anti-KLH IgG responses in subjects with systemic lupus erythematosus
  1. B A Sullivan1,
  2. W Tsuji1,
  3. A Kivitz2,
  4. J Peng1,
  5. G E Arnold1,
  6. M J Boedigheimer1,
  7. K Chiu1,
  8. C L Green1,
  9. A Kaliyaperumal1,
  10. C Wang1,
  11. J Ferbas1 and
  12. J B Chung1
  1. 1Department of Medical Sciences, Amgen Inc., One Amgen Center Drive, Thousand Oaks, California, USA
  2. 2The Altoona Arthritis & Osteoporosis Center, Duncansville, Pennsylvania, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr James B Chung; chung{at}


Objectives To evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of single-dose and multiple-dose administration of AMG 557, a human anti-inducible T cell co-stimulator ligand (ICOSL) monoclonal antibody, in subjects with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).

Methods Patients with mild, stable SLE (n=112) were enrolled in two clinical trials to evaluate the effects of single (1.8–210 mg subcutaneous or 18 mg intravenous) and multiple (6 –210 mg subcutaneous every other week (Q2W)×7) doses of AMG 557. Subjects received two 1 mg intradermal injections 28 days apart of keyhole limpet haemocyanin (KLH), a neoantigen, to assess PD effects of AMG 557. Safety, PK, target occupancy, anti-KLH antibody responses, lymphocyte subset analyses and SLE-associated biomarkers and clinical outcomes were assessed.

Results AMG 557 demonstrated an acceptable safety profile. The PK properties were consistent with an antibody directed against a cell surface target, with non-linear PK observed at lower concentrations and linear PK at higher concentrations. Target occupancy by AMG 557 was dose dependent and reversible, and maximal occupancy was achieved in the setting of this trial. Anti-AMG 557 antibodies were observed, but none were neutralising and without impact on drug levels. A significant reduction in the anti-KLH IgG response was observed with AMG 557 administration without discernible changes in the anti-KLH IgM response or on the overall IgG levels. No discernible changes were seen in lymphocyte subsets or in SLE-related biomarkers and clinical measures.

Conclusions The selective reduction in anti-KLH IgG demonstrates a PD effect of AMG 557 in subjects with SLE consistent with the biology of the ICOS pathway and supports further studies of AMG 557 as a potential therapeutic for autoimmune diseases.

Trial registration numbers NCT02391259 and NCT00774943.

  • B cells
  • Inflammation
  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
  • T Cells

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