Background and aims Abnormal expression of CD200/CD200R1 may contribute to the immunologic abnormalities in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study aimed to assess the function of CD200/CD200R1 and impact of CD200-Fc on dendritic cells in lupus-prone NZB/WF1 mice.
Methods Female NZB/WF1 mice were treated with CD200-Fc or control for 4 weeks. Plasma samples were collected to measure autoantibody levels. The expression levels of CD200/CD200R1 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and splenocytes were examined.
Results The percentage of CD200/CD200R1-positive cells in splenocytes from NZB/WF1 mice was lower than that of C57BL/6 mice (p<0.05). The plasma level of anti-dsDNA was significantly higher in NZB/WF1 mice than C57BL/6 mice (p<0.001). However, the anti-dsDNA levels decreased (p=0.047) after CD200-Fc treatment. Finally, CD200-Fc reduced the levels of IL-6 (p=0.017) and IL-10 (p=0.03) in the dendritic cell culture supernatant.
Conclusions The immunosuppressive CD200/CD200R1 signalling pathway might be involved in the immunopathology of NZB/WF1 mice; the present results merit further exploration of agents that can modulate the CD200/CD200FR1 pathway as a therapy for human lupus
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