Background and aims Vitamin D deficiency is common in women living near to equatorial line. Deficiency of vitamin D could lead to more severe manifestation of autoimmune disease, it may accelerate complication in atherosclerosis cardiovascular disease.
Objective We aimed to evaluate the impact of vitamin D deficiency in the severity of SLE, especially in the appearance of ASCVD in SLE patients.
Methods Design : Systematic review and meta-analysis.
Data Sources: Electronic databases (CENTRAL; Medline; Springerlink; Cochrane Database) were searched up to May 2015.
Review methods: Longitudinal study that compared level of serum vitamin D in SLE patients with and without ASCVD manifestation were included. Study selection, data extraction and risk of bias assessment (Cochrane risk of bias tool) were performed by five reviewers.
Results Total of 16 trials (1723 participants) were included. Meta-analysis of 8 trials (781 participants) found that serum vitamin D (25-hydroxyvitamin D) levels in severe SLE patients with ASCVD manifestation were significantly lower compared to non-ASCVD SLE patients during remission (pooled RR 0.64; 95% CI=0.34–0.77; p=0.005). No statistically significant difference in serum vitamin D were observed in meta-analysis of other 8 trials (pooled RR 0.96; 95% CI=0.54–1.7; p=0.12). Moreover, there is a significant inverse correlation between serum vitamin D levels and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index 2000 (r=−0.373, p=0.016).
Conclusions Results demonstrates that vitamin D deficiency could be a novel risk factor for accelerating endothelial dysfunction and ASCVD in SLE patients. Vitamin D supplementation might modulate an immunosuppressive effects, endothelial repair mechanisms, and endothelial function in SLE patients with significant ASCVD risk.
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