Background/Purpose Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease, mostly affecting women during their childbearing age. Disease remission before conception is pivotal for a favorable pregnancy outcome. The aims of our study were: 1)to evaluate maternal and fetal complications in a cohort of pregnant SLE patients; 2)to compare Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Score (SLE-DAS) and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K) in the 6 months before conception as predictors of maternal/fetal complications.
Methods All SLE pregnancies were prospectively included until August 2019 at our Unit (Rheumatology Department, University of Padova). All women were monthly followed throughout gestation and at least in one occasion in the 6 months before conception. Disease activity was assessed before pregnancy by SLEDAI-2k and SLEDAS. During gestation, we evaluated SLE activity by the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Pregnancy Disease Activity Index (SLEPDAI) and the SLEDAS index adapted to pregnancy (SLEPDAS). At conception, we considered ‘active’:1)patients with a SLEDAS>2.08; 2)clinically active patients according SLEDAI-2k treated with ≥5 mg/day of prednisone (immunosuppressants and antimalarials were allowed). Statistics were performed with SPSS (V.24.0).
Results We enrolled 115 pregnancies in 76 patients (table 1). We found 29 (25.2%) pregnancies with at least one maternal complication and 39 (33.9%) with at least 1 fetal adverse outcome. Positive anti-dsDNA and active disease according SLEDAS (SLEDAS>2.08) at conception resulted to be predictors of maternal complications (p=0.036, OR=2.71, CI 95% 1.07–6.87; p=0.008, OR=4.46, CI 95% 1.48–13.49, respectively). Conversely, active disease according SLEDAI-2k did not result predictive of maternal complications (p=0.255, OR=2.16, CI 95% 9.57–8.16). No predictors of fetal complications were observed.
Conclusions SLE-DAS>2.08 and positive anti-dsDNA are risk factors of maternal complications while active SLE according to SLEDAI-2k does not seem to be a predictor of such complications.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.