Table 3

Race in relation to clinical outcome variables*

OR95% CI
SLE Disease Activity (SLEDAI score ≥4)
 AA race (crude)1.060.69 to 1.62
 AA race (adjusted for age, medical insurance, marital status, internal HLC)0.860.52 to 1.44
 AA race (further adjusted for perceived racism)0.910.53 to 1.57
SLE Damage Index (SLICC score ≥2)
 AA race (crude)1.551.01 to 2.38†
 AA race (adjusted for age, gender, education, income, medical insurance, marital status, SLE duration)2.020.94 to 4.34
 AA race (further adjusted for perceived racism)2.140.94 to 4.88
Depression (CES-D Score ≥17)
 AA race (crude)1.941.26 to 2.98†
 AA race (adjusted for age, income, education, marital status, SLE duration, SLEDAI)1.160.62 to 2.20
 AA race (further adjusted for perceived racism)0.970.49 to 1.92
  • *Based on separate logistic regression models for each outcome.

  • †p<0.05.

  • AA, African–American; CES-D, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale; HLC, health locus of control; SLE, systemic lupus erythematosus; SLEDAI, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index; SLICC, Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics.