Table 1

Clinical characteristics of the study population

Age (mean±SD)41±16 years
Body mass index (mean±SD)31±8 kg/m2
Disease duration (mean±SD)9±10 years
Ethnicity (%)
  African–American75
  Hispanic10
  White5
  Asian5
Jaccoud’s15
SLE disease activity (%)
  Mucocutaneous80
  Haematological45
  Serositis40
  Renal10
  • Jaccoud’s is defined as a reducible deformity.