Table 1

Demographic and clinical data of the studied groups

Patients with SLE
n=37
Healthy subjects
n=18
P value
Age in years, mean±SD32.38±8.4028.56±5.870.057
Gender0.545
 Female, n (%)33 (89.2)15 (83.3)
 Male, n (%)4 (10.8)3 (16.7)
Height in cm, mean±SD159.08±6.69159.72±7.300.748
Weight in kg, mean±SD63.68±13.6264.72±12.840.786
BMI, mean±SD25.17±5.3225.35±4.670.901
Disease duration in years, mean±SD7±3.98NA
SLEDAI8.5±7.6NA
ACR Damage Index2.2±1.1NA
Peripheral neuropathy (clinical)14 (37.8%)NA
Peripheral polyneuropathy (by NCS)36 (97.3%)NA
Individual nerve affection in patients with SLE (clinical-based)
NerveNumber of nerves
Median18
Ulnar12
Tibial6
Peroneal8
Sural6
  • Student’s t-test and χ2 were applied when appropriate.

  • BMI, body mass index; n, number of subjects; NA, not applicable; NCS, nerve conduction study; ACR NPSLE, American College of Rheumatology; SLEDAI, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index.