Table 3

The five clusters

Cluster 1: ’positive attitude’Cluster 2: ’social support’Cluster 3: ’trust in medical treatments’Cluster 4: ‘healthy habits’Cluster 5: ‘to avoid stress’
Total occurrence (%)1434 (22.58)1617 (25.46)684 (10.77)1317 (20.74)1299 (20.45)
Words (occurrence)Positive (163)Family (445)Good (105)Exercise (120)Rest (287)
Child (124)Support (192)Treatment (55)Work (88)Medication (252)
Life (94)Friend (119)Medical (43)Sport (65)Sleep (114)
Think (89)Husband (96)Faith (34)Walk (62)Stress (111)
Attitude (73)Medicine (94)Care (34)Diet (48)Regular (47)
Pain (58)Love (73)Drug (32)Dog (34)Pace (47)
Daughter (47)Doctor (63)Listen (27)Healthy (34)Hydroxychloroquine (46)
Help (45)Activity (57)Therapy (25)Movement (31)Yoga (35)
Disease (45)Understanding (47)Know (22)Eat (29)Avoid (33)
Live (44)Positivity (42)Follow-up (19)Active (27)Time (32)
Optimism (44)Partner (35)Control (18)Meditation (26)Body (30)
Strength (40)Spouse (26)Knowing (15)Relaxation (26)Need (22)
Day (37)Physical (23)Patience (15)Mind (25)Sun (19)
Mental (31)People (21)Rheumatologist (15)Nutrition (23)Break (12)
Associated variable category, test value and p value
Age (41–60 years), 7.84, p<0.001
Age (61–87 years), 3.24, p=0.002
Age (18–40 years), 5.45, p<0.001Age (61–87 years), 2.43, p=0.018Age (41–60 years), 5.13, p<0.001
Years from diagnosis (11–70 years), 9.43, p<0.001Years from diagnosis (0–10), 3.30, p=0.001
Education (up to secondary), 8.52, p<0.001Education (higher), 2.27, p=0.026
Pain/discomfort (high), 8.84, p<0.001Pain/discomfort (low), 4.71, p<0.001
Kidneys (involvement), 2.40, p=0.019Kidneys (involvement), 2.18, p=0.032Kidneys (no involvement), 2.77, p=0.007
Bloodstream (involvement), 2.42, p=0.018Bloodstream (no involvement), 4.51, p<0.001
Central nervous system (no involvement), 7.49, p<0.001Central nervous system (no involvement), 3.69, p<0.001
Lungs (no involvement), 7.87, p<0.001Lungs (no involvement), 2.63, p=0.011
Gender (female), 8.26, p<0.001Functional autonomy (low), 4.81, p<0.001
Anxiety/depression (low), 4.83, p<0.001
Employment (part-time), 4.41, p<0.001
Antiphospholipid syndrome (no), 4.14, p<0.001
Disease (under control), 3.53, p=0.001
Heart (no involvement), 3.47, p=0.001
Joints (involvement), 2.35, p=0.022
Muscles (no involvement), 2.17, p=0.032
Skin (no involvement), 2.01, p=0.046