Table 1

Patients’ characteristics

Characteristics of patients with SLE (n=10)Normal range
Sex (male/female)2/8
Age (years)38.6 (21–68)
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K) score12 (8–24)
Anti-dsDNA antibodies (kU/L)327 (42–1286)<100
C3 (g/L)0.65 (0.42–1.9)0.9–1.8
C4 (g/L)0.08 (0.07–0.3)0.1–0.4
Treatment (number of patients)
Organ involvement
 Fever (>38.3°C)1
 Non-scarring alopecia3
 Oral ulcers2
 Subacute cutaneous or discoid lupus7
 Acute cutaneous lupus2
 Pleural or pericardial effusion2
 Acute pericarditis0
 Joint involvement5
 Proteinuria (>0.5 g/24 hours)2
 Lupus nephritis1
Laboratory parameter
 ANA ≥1:8010
 Leucopenia (<4.000 /mm3)3
 Thrombocytopenia (<100.000 /mm3)2
 Autoimmune haemolysis0
 Antiphospholipid antibodies3
 Low C3 or low C46
 Low C3 and low C43
 Anti-dsDNA or anti-Sm antibodies10
Characteristics of healthy controls (n=9)
 Sex (male/female)2/9
 Age (years)31.6 (24–62)