Table 1

Baseline characteristics of patients with SLE (N=1460)

Characteristics*N (%)N missing (%)
Male sex162 (11.1)0
Race15 (1.0)
 White755 (51.7)
 Black248 (17.0)
 Asian233 (16.0)
 Other209 (14.3)
No college/university education539 (36.9)27 (1.8)
Geographical location0
 North America907 (62.1)
 Europe390 (26.7)
 Asia (South Korea)163 (11.2)
Body mass index (SD)24.8 (5.9)58 (4.0)
Smoker206 (14.1)1 (0.1)
SLEDAI-2K ≥4621 (42.5)16 (1.1)
Renal damage73 (5.0)28 (1.9)
Prednisone1034 (70.8)0
Biologics26 (1.8)0
Immunosuppressive697 (47.7)0
Chloroquine36 (2.5)0
  • *At time zero, unless otherwise indicated.

  • SLEDAI-2K, SLE Disease Activity Index 2000.